International Immunities

French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen 
(August 1789)

(excerpts)

1. Men are born free and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions can be based only on public utility.

2. The aim of every political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.

4. Liberty consists in the power to do anything that does not injure others; accordingly, the exercise of the rights of each man has no limits except those that secure the enjoyment of these same rights to the other members of society.

10. No one should be disturbed on account of his opinions, even religious, provided their manifestation does not upset the public order established by law.

AMERICAN DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS  AND DUTIES OF MAN

 (Adopted by the Ninth International Conference of American States, Bogotá, Colombia, 1948)   (excerpts)

All men are born free and equal, in dignity and in rights, and, being endowed by nature with reason and conscience, they should conduct themselves as brothers one to another.

Right to life, liberty and personal security.

Article I. Every human being has the right to life, liberty and the security of his person.

Right to religious freedom and worship.

Article III. Every person has the right freely to profess a religious faith, and to manifest and practice it both in public and in private.

Right to freedom of investigation, opinion, expression and dissemination.

Article IV. Every person has the right to freedom of investigation, of opinion, and of the expression and dissemination of ideas, by any medium whatsoever.

Right to residence and movement.

Article VIII. Every person has the right to fix his residence within the territory of the state of which he is a national, to move about freely within such territory, and not to leave it except by his own will.

1st Amendment to the United States Constitution 

Prohibits Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, impeding the free exercise of religion, abridging the freedom of speech, infringing on the freedom of the press, interfering with the right to peaceably assemble or prohibiting the right to petition the government

Resolution adopted by the U,N. Human Rights Council on 22 March 2018

37/9. Freedom of religion or belief

 Stresses that everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion or belief, which includes the freedom to have or not to have, or to adopt, a religion or belief of one’s choice and the freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, and to manifest one’s religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance, including the right to change one’s religion or belief;